Hearing preservation and speech perception outcomes with electric-acoustic stimulation after 12 months of listening experience

Oliver F. Adunka, Margaret T. Dillon, Marcia C. Adunka, English R. King, Harold C. Pillsbury, Craig A. Buchman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives/Hypothesis To report on single-center data of an FDA-approved clinical trial on the objective benefits of cochlear implantation and subsequent ipsilateral Electric-Acoustic Stimulation (EAS). Study Design Single-center data from a prospective, multicenter clinical trial. Methods Eighteen subjects completed the 12-month EAS evaluation and were included in this evaluation. Each patient underwent cochlear implantation using a standardized hearing preservation approach. Both hearing preservation and speech perception abilities were evaluated at various intervals. Speech testing included performance measures obtained in quiet (CNC words) and noise (adaptive CUNY protocol) in three listening conditions: hearing aid (HA) alone, cochlear implant (CI) only, and combined ipsilateral EAS. Results Various levels of hearing preservation were achieved with cochleostomy and round-window surgical approaches in 17 of the 18 subjects. Mean CNC word scores at the 12-month interval were 14.9 ± 12.1, 45.3 ± 15.4, and 70.7 ± 11.7% correct in the HA only, CI only, and EAS conditions, respectively. Average CUNY scores at 0 dB SNR were 14.6 ± 17.2, 47.1 ± 22.1, and 72.2 ± 21.5 for the three test conditions obtained after 12 months. Conclusions Data obtained during this clinical trial correlate well with previous reports. Hearing preservation appears successful in a high number of subjects, and combined EAS offers excellent speech perception abilities in quiet and in noise. Laryngoscope, 123:2509-2515, 2013

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2509-2515
Number of pages7
JournalLaryngoscope
Volume123
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2013

Keywords

  • Cochlear implant
  • electric-acoustic stimulation
  • hearing preservation
  • outcomes

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