Objective: To assess health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in a large multicenter cohort of children and young adults with Marfan syndrome participating in the Pediatric Heart Network Marfan Trial. Study design: The Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) 4.0 Generic Core Scales were administered to 321 subjects with Marfan syndrome (5-25 years). PedsQL scores were compared with healthy population norms. The impact of treatment arm (atenolol vs losartan), severity of clinical features, and number of patient-reported symptoms on HRQOL was assessed by general linear models. Results: Mean PedsQL scores in children (5-18 years) with Marfan syndrome were lower than healthy population norms for physical (P ≤.003) and psychosocial (P <.001) domains; mean psychosocial scores for adults (19-25 years) were greater than healthy norms (P <.001). HRQOL across multiple domains correlated inversely with frequency of patient-reported symptoms (r = 0.30-0.38, P <.0001). Those <18 years of age with neurodevelopmental disorders (mainly learning disability, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder) had lower mean PedsQL scores (5.5-7.4 lower, P <.04). A multivariable model found age, sex, patient-reported symptoms, and neurodevelopmental disorder to be independent predictors of HRQOL. There were no differences in HRQOL scores by treatment arm, aortic root z score, number of skeletal features, or presence of ectopia lentis. Conclusions: Children and adolescents with Marfan syndrome were at high risk for impaired HRQOL. Patient-reported symptoms and neurodevelopmental disorder, but not treatment arm or severity of Marfan syndrome-related physical findings, were associated with lower HRQOL.
- neurodevelopmental disorders
- patient-reported symptoms