Health Care Professionals' Perceptions about Sensory-Based Interventions in the NICU

Roberta Pineda, Jessica Roussin, Elizabeth Heiny, Joan Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective The main objective of this article is to define perceptions of health care professionals regarding current use of sensory-based interventions in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Study Design A multidisciplinary group of NICU health care professionals (n = 108) defined the types of sensory-based interventions used in their NICU, the postmenstrual age (PMA) sensory-based interventions are administered, conditions under which sensory-based interventions are used, and personnel who administer sensory-based interventions. Results The most commonly reported tactile intervention was infant holding (88% of respondents), the most common auditory intervention was recorded music/singing (69% of respondents), the most common kinesthetic intervention was occupational and physical therapy (85% of respondents), and the most common vestibular intervention was infant swings (86% of respondents). Tactile interventions were initiated most often at 24 to 26 weeks PMA (74% of respondents), auditory interventions at 30 to 32 weeks (60% of respondents), kinesthetic interventions at 30 to 32 weeks (76% of respondents), vestibular interventions at 33 to 34 weeks (86% of respondents), and visual interventions at 32 to 36 weeks (72% of respondents). Conditions under which sensory-based interventions were administered, and personnel who provided them, varied across settings. Conclusion Varied use of sensory-based interventions in the NICU were reported. While this study was limited by biased sampling and the identification of health care professionals' perceptions but not real-world practice, this information can be used to build a comprehensive approach to positive sensory exposures in the NICU.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1229-1236
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican journal of perinatology
Volume36
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Keywords

  • auditory
  • development
  • engagement
  • multimodal
  • outcomes
  • preterm
  • stimulation
  • tactile
  • therapy

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