Purpose: Recombinant BMP-7 inhibits the pathogenesis of renal injury in response to various stimuli. However, little is known about the molecular regulation of endogenous BMP-7 and its renal protective functions. We examined transcriptional regulation of Bmp-7 and its role in the pathogenesis of renal injury resulting from urinary tract dysfunction. Materials and Methods: Obstruction induced renal injury was modeled in vivo in mice by unilateral ureteral obstruction and in vitro in primary kidney cells by treatment with transforming growth factor-β, a profibrotic cytokine that is increased in the obstructed kidney. Results: Unilateral ureteral obstruction resulted in the loss of BMP-7 expression in conjunction with histone deacetylation and transcriptional repression of the Bmp-7 promoter. The histone deacetylase inhibitor trichostatin A stimulated Bmp-7 expression in primary kidney cells. Trichostatin A also inhibited the expression of transforming growth factor-β dependent profibrotic genes in a manner that depended on BMP receptor signaling. These findings extended to the obstructed kidney in vivo, in which trichostatin A treatment restored the expression of Bmp-7 along with BMP-7 mediated suppression of transforming growth factor-β dependent signaling pathways. Finally, trichostatin A stimulated activation of the BMP-7 pathway the ameliorated obstruction induced renal injury by preventing disruption of the renal architecture and the development of renal fibrosis. Conclusions: These findings show that histone deacetylase dependent repression of Bmp-7 transcription is a critical event during the pathogenesis of renal injury in obstructive uropathy. Accordingly, treatment with histone deacetylase inhibitors represents a potentially effective strategy to restore BMP-7 expression and its renal protective functions during treatment of obstructive uropathy.
- bone morphogenetic protein 7
- histone deacetylase inhibitors
- ureteral obstruction