Hand somatosensory cortex activity following selective dorsal rhizotomy: Report of three cases with fMRI

Jeffrey G. Ojemann, Robert C. McKinstry, Pratik Mukherjee, T. S. Park, Harold Burton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Selective dorsal rhizotomy (SDR) is an effective treatment for lower extremity spasticity in cerebral palsy. Cortical organization in sensory cortex may be abnormal in cerebral palsy, and deafferentation is known to lead to cortical reorganization in many situations. Methods: We used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) of hand sensory stimulation to determine if the partial deafferentation of the lower extremity sensory system, associated with SDR, led to any alterations in the cortical somatosensory representation for the upper limbs. Three patients with spastic diplegia were studied with blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD)-fMRI before and after SDR. fMRI during tactile stimulation of the digits of the right hand was used to map hand somatosensory cortex. Comparison of the cortical maps devoted to the hand before and after SDR assessed for cortical reorganization following partial deafferentation of the lower extremity. Results: In the one patient with upper extremity involvement, the hand sensory representation was markedly enhanced following SDR. In the other two patients, a normal pattern, but with diminished activity, was seen compared with preoperative findings. SDR for lower limb spastic diplegia does not lead to extensive reorganization of cortex dedicated to the representation of the upper limb. An essentially normal pattern of activation was seen both before and after SDR. Conclusion: The relief of attention demands associated with spasticity may explain the modulation in intensity seen after SDR in the patients who exhibited no upper extremity involvement despite lower limb spasticity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-121
Number of pages7
JournalChild's Nervous System
Volume21
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2005

Keywords

  • Cerebral palsy
  • Deafferentation
  • Plasticity
  • Sensory cortex
  • Spastic diplegia

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