Gynecologic oncology patient perspectives and knowledge on advance care planning: A quality improvement intervention

Sarah P. Huepenbecker, Sophia Lewis, Mark C. Valentine, Marguerite L. Palisoul, Premal H. Thaker, Andrea R. Hagemann, Carolyn K. McCourt, Katherine Fuh, Matthew A. Powell, David G. Mutch, Lindsay M. Kuroki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Objectives: Assess and improve advance care planning (ACP) awareness and uptake among gynecologic oncology patients. Methods: Using a quality improvement Plan-Do-Check-Act framework, we completed a single institution needs assessment and intervention. The needs assessment was a 26-question survey assessing baseline ACP knowledge and preferences of gynecologic oncology patients. We used this survey to implement an outpatient intervention in which patients were offered ACP resources (pamphlet, discussion with their gynecologic oncologist, and/or social work referral). We conducted a post-intervention survey among patients who had and had not received ACP resource(s) to assess whether our intervention increased ACP knowledge, discussions, or uptake. Results: Among 106 patients surveyed in the needs assessment, 33 % had ACP documents, 26 % had discussed ACP with a physician, and 82 % thought discussing ACP was important. The majority preferred these conversations in the outpatient setting (52 %) with their gynecologic oncologist (80 %) instead of nurses or trainees. In the intervention, 526 patients were offered ACP resources. Compared to women who did not receive resources (n = 324), patients who received ACP resource(s) (n = 202) were more likely to have ACP discussions with their gynecologic oncologist (38 % vs 68 %, P = 0.001) and had greater proficiency regarding how to create ACP documents (median score 5/10 vs 8/10, P = 0.048), although they were no more likely to have ACP documented in their electronic medical record (27 % vs 9 %, p = 0.08). Conclusions: ACP uptake among gynecologic oncology patients is low, but ACP discussions with an oncologist during outpatient visits are important to patients and improve their knowledge regarding completing ACP documents.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101060
JournalGynecologic Oncology Reports
StatePublished - Oct 2022


  • Advanced care planning
  • Communication
  • Gynecologic cancer
  • Implementation
  • Quality Improvement


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