Growth phenotypes of Pseudomonas aeruginosa lasR mutants adapted to the airways of cystic fibrosis patients

David A. D'Argenio, Manhong Wu, Lucas R. Hoffman, Hemantha D. Kulasekara, Eric Déziel, Eric E. Smith, Hai Nguyen, Robert K. Ernst, Theodore J. Larson Freeman, David H. Spencer, Mitchell Brittnacher, Hillary S. Hayden, Sara Selgrade, Mikkel Klausen, David R. Goodlett, Jane L. Burns, Bonnie W. Ramsey, Samuel I. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

250 Scopus citations

Abstract

The opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa undergoes genetic change during chronic airway infection of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. One common change is a mutation inactivating lasR, which encodes a transcriptional regulator that responds to a homoserine lactone signal to activate expression of acute virulence factors. Colonies of lasR mutants visibly accumulated the iridescent intercellular signal 4-hydroxy-2-heptylquinoline. Using this colony phenotype, we identified P. aeruginosa lasR mutants that emerged in the airway of a CF patient early during chronic infection, and during growth in the laboratory on a rich medium. The lasR loss-of-function mutations in these strains conferred a growth advantage with particular carbon and nitrogen sources, including amino acids, in part due to increased expression of the catabolic pathway regulator CbrB. This growth phenotype could contribute to selection of lasR mutants both on rich medium and within the CF airway, supporting a key role for bacterial metabolic adaptation during chronic infection. Inactivation of lasR also resulted in increased β-lactamase activity that increased tolerance to ceftazidime, a widely used β-lactam antibiotic. Loss of LasR function may represent a marker of an early stage in chronic infection of the CF airway with clinical implications for antibiotic resistance and disease progression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)512-533
Number of pages22
JournalMolecular Microbiology
Volume64
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2007

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