Growth curves for children with X-linked hypophosphatemia

Meng Mao, Thomas O. Carpenter, Michael P. Whyte, Alison Skrinar, Chao Yin Chen, Javier San Martin, Alan D. Rogol

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Context: We characterized linear growth in infants and children with X-linked hypophosphatemia (XLH). Objective: Provide linear growth curves for children with XLH from birth to early adolescence. Design: Data from 4 prior studies of XLH were pooled to construct growth curves. UX023-CL002 was an observational, retrospective chart review. Pretreatment data were collected from 3 interventional trials: two phase 2 trials (UX023-CL201, UX023-CL205) and a phase 3 trial (UX023-CL301). Setting: Medical centers with expertise in treating XLH. Patients: Children with XLH, 1-14 years of age. Intervention: None. Main Outcome Measure: Height-for-age linear growth curves, including values for the 5th, 10th, 25th, 50th, 75th, 90th, and 95th percentiles for children with XLH compared to population norms. Results: A total of 228 patients (132 girls, 96 boys) with 2381 height measurements were included. Nearly all subjects (> 99%) reported prior management with supplementation therapy. Compared to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention growth curves, boys at age 3 months, 6 months, 9 months, 1 year, and 2 years had median height percentiles of 46%, 37%, 26%, 18%, and 5%, respectively; for girls the median height percentiles were 52%, 37%, 25%, 18%, and 7%, respectively. Annual growth in children with XLH fell below that of healthy children near 1 year of age and progressively declined during early childhood, with all median height percentiles < 8% between 2 and 12 years old. Conclusion: Children with XLH show decreased height gain by 1 year of age and remain below population norms thereafter. These data will help evaluate therapeutic interventions on linear growth for pediatric XLH. (J Clin Endocrinol Metab 105: 1–7, 2020)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1 2020


  • FGF23
  • Growth curve
  • PHEX
  • Rickets
  • X-linked hypophosphatemia

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