Greater hip abductor size in prearthritic patients with developmental dysplasia of the hip versus femoroacetabular impingement

Emma R. Payne, Michael Harris, Marcie Harris-Hayes, Chadi Nahal, Tomoyuki Kamenaga, John C. Clohisy, Cecilia Pascual-Garrido

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) and femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) are common hip pathologies and important risk factors for osteoarthritis, yet the disease mechanisms differ. DDH involves deficient femoral head coverage and a shortened abductor moment arm, so this study hypothesized that the cross-sectional area (CSA) of the gluteus medius/minimus muscle complex and the stabilizing iliocapsularis muscle would be larger in DDH versus FAI, without increased fatty infiltration. A longitudinal cohort identified prearthritic patients with DDH or FAI who underwent imaging before surgery. Patients with DDH and FAI (Cam, Pincer, or Mixed) were 1:1 matched based on age, sex, and body mass index. Magnetic resonance imaging was used to measure the gluteus medius/minimus complex and iliocapsularis in two transverse planes. Amira software was used to quantify muscle and noncontractile tissue. Paired samples t-tests were performed to compare muscle size and composition (p < 0.05). There were no differences in the iliocapsularis muscle. Patients with DDH had significantly larger CSA of the gluteus medius/minimus complex at both transverse planes, and the noncontractile tissue proportion did not differ. The mean difference in overall muscle CSA at the anterior inferior iliac spine was 4.07 ± 7.4 cm2 (p = 0.005), with an average difference of 12.1%, and at the femoral head this was 2.40 ± 4.37 cm2 (p = 0.004), with an average difference of 20.2%. This study reports a larger CSA of the gluteus medius/minimus muscle complex in DDH compared to FAI, without a difference in noncontractile tissue, indicating increased healthy muscle in DDH.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic Research
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • developmental dysplasia of the hip
  • femoroacetabular impingement
  • hip abductors
  • iliocapsularis
  • noncontractile tissue

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