GPI anchor attachment is required for Gas1p transport from the endoplasmic reticulum in COP II vesicles

Tamara L. Doering, Randy Schekman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

112 Scopus citations

Abstract

Inositol starvation of auxotrophic yeast interrupts glycolipid biosynthesis and prevents lipid modification of a normally glycosyl phosphatidylinositol (GPI)-linked protein, Gas1p. The unanchored Gas1p precursor undergoes progressive modification in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), but is not modified by Golgi-specific glycosylation. Starvation-induced defects in anchor assembly and protein processing are rapid, and occur without altered maturation of other proteins. Cells remain competent to manufacture anchor components and to process Gas1p efficiently once inositol is restored. Newly synthesized Gas1p is packaged into vesicles formed in vitro from perforated yeast spheroplasts incubated with either yeast cytosol or the purified Sec proteins (COP II) required for vesicle budding from the ER. In vitro synthesized vesicles produced by inositol-starved membranes do not contain detectable Gas1p. These studies demonstrate that COP II components fulfill the soluble protein requirements for packaging a GPI-anchored protein into ER-derived transport vesicles. However, GPI anchor attachment is required for this packaging to occur.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)182-191
Number of pages10
JournalEMBO Journal
Volume15
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2 1996
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • COP II
  • GPI-anchors
  • Gas1p
  • Transport
  • Yeast

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