Gonioscopic Ab Interno Laser Sclerostomy: A Pilot Study in Glaucoma Patients

Mark A. Latina, Shlomo Melamed, Wayne F. March, Michael A. Kass, Allan E. Kolker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of gonioscopic ab interno laser sclerostomy (GLS) in patients with glaucoma. Methods: The technique of GLS involves iontophoresis of methylene blue dye (1 %) at the limbus to focally dye the sclera and to provide subsequent delivery of 10-μsec pulsed laser energy to the dyed area through a goniolens. The laser emits at 660 nm, a wavelength that is maximally absorbed by the methylene blue dye. Patients were evaluated for fistula formation, intraocular pressure (IOP) reduction, and adverse sequelae. Thirty-eight treatments were performed in 35 eyes. Results: Successful complete sclerostomies were achieved in 21 eyes (55%), which was associated with an acute mean reduction in IOP of 23 mmHg. Mean preoperative IOP for all patients was 35 mmHg, and 1 hour after treatment it was reduced to 18.5 mmHg. In 4 of the 38 treatments, there was no acute IOP reduction, and these eyes were judged as failures. The mean follow-up time was 8.2 months with a maximum follow-up of 15 months. By 9 months, 50% of patients had an IOP of 22 mmHg or lower. The number of antiglaucoma medications decreased from 3.1 to 1.7 for all eyes over the 15-month follow-up period. Hyphemas (13%) were the only major complication, and these resolved spontaneously. In only one case did the IOP increase after the procedure. Conclusion: The results of this trial indicate that GLS is technically feasible, and preliminary results of IOP control are promising.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1736-1744
Number of pages9
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1992


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