Golidocitinib, a selective JAK1 tyrosine-kinase inhibitor, in patients with refractory or relapsed peripheral T-cell lymphoma (JACKPOT8 Part B): a single-arm, multinational, phase 2 study

Yuqin Song, Luis Malpica, Qingqing Cai, Weili Zhao, Keshu Zhou, Jianqiu Wu, Huilai Zhang, Neha Mehta-Shah, Kaiyang Ding, Yao Liu, Zengjun Li, Liling Zhang, Meifang Zheng, Jie Jin, Haiyan Yang, Yuerong Shuang, Dok Hyun Yoon, Sujun Gao, Wenyu Li, Zhimin ZhaiLiqun Zou, Yaming Xi, Youngil Koh, Fei Li, Miles Prince, Hui Zhou, Lie Lin, Hui Liu, Pamela Allen, Fernando Roncolato, Zhenfan Yang, Won Seog Kim, Jun Zhu

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Abstract

Background: Golidocitinib, a selective JAK1 tyrosine-kinase inhibitor, has shown encouraging anti-tumour activity in heavily pre-treated patients with relapsed or refractory peripheral T-cell lymphoma in a phase 1 study (JACKPOT8 Part A). Here, we report the full analysis of a phase 2 study, in which we assessed the anti-tumour activity of golidocitinib in a large multinational cohort of patients. Methods: We did a single-arm, multinational, phase 2 trial (JACKPOT8 Part B) in 49 centres in Australia, China, South Korea, and the USA. Eligible patients were adults (aged ≥18 years) with relapsed or refractory peripheral T-cell lymphoma who had received at least one previous line of systemic therapy and an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0–2. Patients were given oral golidocitinib 150 mg once daily until disease progression or other discontinuation criteria were met. The primary endpoint was the CT-based objective response rate, assessed by an independent review committee (IRC) per Lugano 2014 classification. The activity analysis set included all patients who received at least one dose and whose pathological diagnosis of peripheral T-cell lymphoma had been retrospectively confirmed by a central laboratory and who had at least one measurable lesion at baseline assessed by IRC. The safety analysis set included all patients who received at least one dose of study drug. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT04105010, and is closed to accrual and follow-up is ongoing. Findings: Between Feb 26, 2021, and Oct 12, 2022, we assessed 161 patients for eligibility, of whom 104 (65%) were enrolled and received at least one dose of study drug; the activity analysis set included 88 (85%) patients (median age 58 years [IQR 51–67], 57 [65%] of 88 were male, 31 [35%] were female, and 83 [94%] were Asian). As of data cutoff (Aug 31, 2023; median follow-up was 13·3 months [IQR 4·9–18·4]), per IRC assessment, the objective response rate was 44·3% (95% CI 33·7–55·3; 39 of 88 patients, p<0·0001), with 21 (24%) patients having a complete response and 18 (20%) having a partial response. In the safety analysis set, 61 (59%) of 104 patients had grade 3–4 drug-related treatment-emergent adverse events. The most common grade 3–4 drug-related treatment-emergent adverse events were neutrophil count decreased (30 [29%]), white blood cell count decreased (27 [26%]), lymphocyte count decreased (22 [21%]), and platelet count decreased (21 [20%]), which were clinically manageable and reversible. 25 (24%) patients had treatment-related serious adverse events. Deaths due to treatment-emergent adverse events occurred in three (3%) patients: two (2%) due to pneumonia (one case with fungal infection [related to golidocitinib] and another one with COVID-19 infection) and one (1%) due to confusional state. Interpretation: In this phase 2 study, golidocitinib showed a favourable benefit–risk profile in treating relapsed or refractory peripheral T-cell lymphoma. The results of this study warrant further randomised clinical studies to confirm activity and assess efficacy in this population. Funding: Dizal Pharmaceutical.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)117-125
Number of pages9
JournalThe Lancet Oncology
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2024

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