GM‐CSF: Receptor structure and transmembrane signaling

J. F. Dipersio, D. W. Golde, J. D. Gasson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Human granulocyte‐macrophage colony‐stmulating factor (GM‐CSF) both stimulates hematopoietic precursor cells to grow as well as enhances the function of mature effector cells, such as neutrophils, eosinophils and macrophages. All of the biological actions of GM‐CSF appear to be mediated via binding to a single class of high‐affinity receptors present on all responsive cells. Affinity cross‐linking experiments demonstrate that the same 98 kDa cross‐linked species seen on other GM‐CSF‐responsive cells is also detected on a choriocarcinoma cell line, JAR. However, JAR cells express significantly increased numbers (10,000 sites/cell) of low‐affinity (Kd ∼ 1.5 nM) GM receptors. The GM‐CSF receptor is a glycoprotein which binds to wheat germ agglutinin‐sepharose. It is dramatically downregulated on neutrophils by phorbol esters and formyl‐methionylleucine‐phenylalanine (fMLP), but not by phosphatidylinositol‐dependent phospholipase C. GM‐CSF primes neutrophils for enhanced response to secondary stimuli, such as ionophore and chemotactic factors. Specifically, GM‐CSF enhances 3H‐arachidonic acid release, synthesis of leukotriene B4 and platelet activity factor in response to fMLP and the calcium ionophores.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-75
Number of pages13
JournalThe International Journal of Cell Cloning
Issue number1 S
StatePublished - 1990


  • GM‐CSF
  • Leukotrienes
  • Platelet‐activating factor
  • Receptor


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