Glycosyltransferases and their products: Cryptococcal variations on fungal themes

James Stacey Klutts, Aki Yoneda, Morgann C. Reilly, Indrani Bose, Tamara L. Doering

Research output: Contribution to journalShort survey

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

Glycosyltransferases are specific enzymes that catalyse the transfer of monosaccharide moieties to biological substrates, including proteins, lipids and carbohydrates. These enzymes are present from prokaryotes to humans, and their glycoconjugate products are often vital for survival of the organism. Many glycosyltransferases found in fungal pathogens such as Cryptococcus neoformans do not exist in mammalian systems, making them attractive potential targets for selectively toxic agents. In this article, we present the features of this diverse class of enzymes, and review the fungal glycosyltransferases that are involved in synthesis of the cell wall, the cryptococcal capsule, glycoproteins and glycolipids. We specifically focus on enzymes that have been identified or studied in C. neoformans, and we consider future directions for research on glycosyltransferases in the context of this opportunistic pathogen.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)499-512
Number of pages14
JournalFEMS Yeast Research
Volume6
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2006

Keywords

  • Cryptococcus
  • Fungi
  • Glycan
  • Glycosylation
  • Glycosyltransferase
  • Polysaccharide

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