Gluteus Maximus Transfer for Irreparable Hip Abductor Deficiency: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Bryant M. Song, Paul M. Inclan, Andrew W. Kuhn, Benjamin M. Stronach, Cecilia Pascual-Garrido

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Gluteus maximus tendon transfer has recently been described as a treatment option for irreparable abductor tendon tears. The purpose of this study was to systematically review outcomes following gluteus maximus tendon transfer for hip abductor deficiency. Methods: The published literature was queried for outcomes following gluteus maximus transfer in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. Outcomes of interest included preoperative and postoperative functional scores, resolution of pain and gait abnormalities, postoperative rehabilitation protocols, surgical complications, reoperation rates, and postoperative magnetic resonance imaging. In total, 10 studies with a total of 125 patients (76% women) with a mean age of 67 years (range, 30 to 87) were identified for inclusion. Results: Modified Harris Hip Score (+30.1 ± 6.6 [95% confidence interval: +15.5 to +46.5]) and Visual Analog Scale for pain (−4.1 ± 1.1 [95% confidence interval: −7.1 to −1.0]) were improved following gluteus maximus transfer, compared to preoperative levels. No significant improvement was noted in abduction strength and 33% of patients demonstrated a residual Trendelenburg gait postoperatively. The overall complication rate was 5.6% (7 of 125), with a reoperation rate of 1.6% (2 of 125). Conclusions: Gluteus maximus tendon transfer for abductor insufficiency has demonstrated reliable outcomes at 3 years, with improvement in hip function and pain. However, patients demonstrate modest improvements in abduction strength, and a significant subset will continue to demonstrate a Trendelenburg gait postoperatively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1117-1124.e1
JournalJournal of Arthroplasty
Volume39
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2024

Keywords

  • gluteus maximus
  • gluteus maximus transfer
  • gluteus medius tendon
  • hip abductor
  • hip abductor tears
  • hip preservation

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