Glutaminase inhibitors induce thiol-mediated oxidative stress and radiosensitization in treatment-resistant cervical cancers

Ramachandran Rashmi, Kay Jayachandran, Jin Zhang, Vishnu Menon, Naoshad Muhammad, Michael Zahner, Fiona Ruiz, Sisi Zhang, Kevin Cho, Yuting Wang, Xiaojing Huang, Yi Huang, Michael L. McCormick, Buck E. Rogers, Douglas R. Spitz, Gary J. Patti, Julie K. Schwarz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine if radiation (RT)resistant cervical cancers are dependent upon glutamine metabolism driven by activation of the PI3K pathway and test whether PI3K pathway mutation predicts radiosensitization by inhibition of glutamine metabolism. Cervical cancer cell lines with and without PI3K pathway mutations, including SiHa and SiHa PTEN-/- cells engineered by CRISPR/Cas9, were used for mechanistic studies performed in vitro in the presence and absence of glutamine starvation and the glutaminase inhibitor, telaglenastat (CB-839). These studies included cell survival, proliferation, quantification of oxidative stress parameters, metabolic tracing with stable isotope-labeled substrates, metabolic rescue, and combination studies with L-buthionine sulfoximine (BSO), auranofin (AUR), and RT. In vivo studies of telaglenastat = RT were performed using CaSki and SiHa xenografts grown in immune-compromised mice. PI3K-activated cervical cancer cells were selectively sensitive to glutamine deprivation through a mechanism that included thiol-mediated oxidative stress. Telaglenastat treatment decreased total glutathione pools, increased the percent glutathione disulfide, and caused clonogenic cell killing that was reversed by treatment with the thiol antioxidant, N-acetylcysteine. Telaglenastat also sensitized cells to killing by glutathione depletion with BSO, thioredoxin reductase inhibition with AUR, and RT. Glutamine-dependent PI3Kactivated cervical cancer xenografts were sensitive to telaglenastat monotherapy, and telaglenastat selectively radiosensitized cervical cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. These novel preclinical data support the utility of telaglenastat for glutamine-dependent radioresistant cervical cancers and demonstrate that PI3K pathway mutations may be used as a predictive biomarker for telaglenastat sensitivity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2465-2475
Number of pages11
JournalMolecular Cancer Therapeutics
Volume19
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2020

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