Glucose Metabolism Drives Histone Acetylation Landscape Transitions that Dictate Muscle Stem Cell Function

Nora Yucel, Yu Xin Wang, Thach Mai, Ermelinda Porpiglia, Peder J. Lund, Glenn Markov, Benjamin A. Garcia, Sean C. Bendall, Michael Angelo, Helen M. Blau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

93 Scopus citations

Abstract

The impact of glucose metabolism on muscle regeneration remains unresolved. We identify glucose metabolism as a crucial driver of histone acetylation and myogenic cell fate. We use single-cell mass cytometry (CyTOF) and flow cytometry to characterize the histone acetylation and metabolic states of quiescent, activated, and differentiating muscle stem cells (MuSCs). We find glucose is dispensable for mitochondrial respiration in proliferating MuSCs, so that glucose becomes available for maintaining high histone acetylation via acetyl-CoA. Conversely, quiescent and differentiating MuSCs increase glucose utilization for respiration and have consequently reduced acetylation. Pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) activity serves as a rheostat for histone acetylation and must be controlled for muscle regeneration. Increased PDH activity in proliferation increases histone acetylation and chromatin accessibility at genes that must be silenced for differentiation to proceed, and thus promotes self-renewal. These results highlight metabolism as a determinant of MuSC histone acetylation, fate, and function during muscle regeneration. Yucel et al. identify a link between stem cells’ metabolism and their fate and function. Mitochondrial glucose utilization determines remodeling of the histone acetylation landscape of muscle stem cells during tissue regeneration. Pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) is a pivotal control point for this and determines the differentiation potential of myogenic progenitors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3939-3955.e6
JournalCell Reports
Volume27
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 25 2019

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