Glomerular laminin isoform transitions: Errors in metanephric culture are corrected by grafting

Patricia L. St. John, Ruixue Wang, Yong Yin, Jeffrey H. Miner, Barry Robert, Dale R. Abrahamson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

Glomerular basement membrane (GBM) assembly and maturation are marked by the replacement of laminin-1 (containing α1-, β1-, and γ1-chains) with laminin-11 (consisting of α5-, β2-, and γ1 -chains). Similarly, the α1- and α2-chains of type IV collagen are replaced by collagen α3-, α4-, and α5(IV)-chains. The cellular origins of these molecules and mechanisms for isoform removal and substitution are unknown. To explore glomerular laminin isoform transitions in vitro, we assessed metanephric organ cultures. Standard culture conditions do not support endothelial cell differentiation, and glomerular structures that form in vitro are avascular. Nevertheless, extensive podocyte development occurs in these cultures, including the formation of foot processes and assembly of a GBM-like matrix. Here, we show that the podocyte-specific markers, glomerular epithelial protein 1 and nephrin, which are normally expressed in capillary loop stage glomeruli in vivo, are also expressed by glomerular figures that form in organ culture. However, the GBM-like segments that form in vitro do not undergo normal laminin isoform switching. Instead, both laminin α1- and α5-chains are present, as is the β1-chain, but not β2. When avascular organ-cultured kidneys are grafted into anterior eye chambers, however, kidney-derived angioblasts establish extensive vasculature by 6 days, and glomeruli are lined by endothelial cells. We evaluated embryonic day 12 (E12) vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (Flk1)-lacZ kidneys that had first been grown in organ culture for 6-7 days and then grafted into wild-type mice. Correct laminin isoform substitution occurred and correlated with the appearance of endothelial cells expressing Flk1. Our findings indicate that endothelial cells, and/or factors present in the circulation, mediate normal GBM laminin isoform transitions in vivo.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)F695-F705
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology
Volume280
Issue number4 49-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2001

Keywords

  • Endothelial cells
  • Glomerular basement membrane
  • Podocytes

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