GlioPredictor: a deep learning model for identification of high-risk adult IDH-mutant glioma towards adjuvant treatment planning

Shuhua Zheng, Nikhil Rammohan, Timothy Sita, P. Troy Teo, Yilin Wu, Maciej Lesniak, Sean Sachdev, Tarita O. Thomas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Identification of isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH)-mutant glioma patients at high risk of early progression is critical for radiotherapy treatment planning. Currently tools to stratify risk of early progression are lacking. We sought to identify a combination of molecular markers that could be used to identify patients who may have a greater need for adjuvant radiation therapy machine learning technology. 507 WHO Grade 2 and 3 glioma cases from The Cancer Genome Atlas, and 1309 cases from AACR GENIE v13.0 datasets were studied for genetic disparities between IDH1-wildtype and IDH1-mutant cohorts, and between different age groups. Genetic features such as mutations and copy number variations (CNVs) correlated with IDH1 mutation status were selected as potential inputs to train artificial neural networks (ANNs) to predict IDH1 mutation status. Grade 2 and 3 glioma cases from the Memorial Sloan Kettering dataset (n = 404) and Grade 3 glioma cases with subtotal resection (STR) from Northwestern University (NU) (n = 21) were used to further evaluate the best performing ANN model as independent datasets. IDH1 mutation is associated with decreased CNVs of EGFR (21% vs. 3%), CDKN2A (20% vs. 6%), PTEN (14% vs. 1.7%), and increased percentage of mutations for TP53 (15% vs. 63%), and ATRX (10% vs. 54%), which were all statistically significant (p < 0.001). Age > 40 was unable to identify high-risk IDH1-mutant with early progression. A glioma early progression risk prediction (GlioPredictor) score generated from the best performing ANN model (6/6/6/6/2/1) with 6 inputs, including CNVs of EGFR, PTEN and CDKN2A, mutation status of TP53 and ATRX, patient’s age can predict IDH1 mutation status with over 90% accuracy. The GlioPredictor score identified a subgroup of high-risk IDH1-mutant in TCGA and NU datasets with early disease progression (p = 0.0019, 0.0238, respectively). The GlioPredictor that integrates age at diagnosis, CNVs of EGFR, CDKN2A, PTEN and mutation status of TP53, and ATRX can identify a small cohort of IDH-mutant with high risk of early progression. The current version of GlioPredictor mainly incorporated clinically often tested genetic biomarkers. Considering complexity of clinical and genetic features that correlate with glioma progression, future derivatives of GlioPredictor incorporating more inputs can be a potential supplement for adjuvant radiotherapy patient selection of IDH-mutant glioma patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2126
JournalScientific reports
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2024

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