Polycrystalline samples of (Formula presented) and (Formula presented) were prepared and studied in the context of a search for geometrically frustrated magnetic materials. These compounds are isostructural with olivine, a series of minerals commonly found in the terrestrial crust. The olivine structure possesses a distinctive magnetic lattice in which metal ions sit at the vertices of corner-sharing triangles, forming alternating sawtooth chains. Magnetic susceptibility experiments reveal that the manganese-based olivines exhibit spin-glass transitions and magnetic frustration, while the cobalt olivine exhibits antiferromagnetic order with no suppression of the Néel temperature. The magnetic susceptibility of nickel olivine exhibits a large deviation from Curie-Weiss behavior, suggesting the presence of a magnetic structure in which a sublattice possessing a spin gap interacts with surrounding local-moment (Formula presented) ions.
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2000|