Surfactant protein D (SP-D) is a member of the family of mammalian C-type lectins. SP-D is secreted into the pulmonary airspaces by lung epithelial cells and is believed to contribute to the lung's defense against inhaled microorganisms. We have previously characterized cDNAs specific for human SP- D (hSP-D). We now describe the partial characterization of genomic clones for hSP-D and present evidence for an SP-D gene with coding sequences spanning > 11 kilobases on the long arm of chromosome 10. Genomic sequencing demonstrated that the signal peptide/amino-terminal domain, the carbohydrate recognition domain, and the linking sequence between the collagen domain and carbohydrate recognition domain are each encoded by a single exon, as for surfactant protein A and the mannose-binding protein C. However, sequencing also demonstrated a unique intron-exon structure for the collagen domain which is encoded on five exons, including four tandem exons of 117 bp. The latter exons show marked conservation in the predicted distribution of hydrophilic amino acids, consistent with tandem replication of this collagen gene sequence during evolution. Segregation analysis of HindIII digests of genomic DNA using specific cDNA probes demonstrated selective hybridization of radiolabeled hSP-D cDNA to chromosome 10- and 10q-containing human/hamster somatic hybrids. The presence of SP-D gene sequences was confirmed by DNA amplification using oligomers specific for sequences within the collagen domain of the hSP-D gene. Fluorescence in situ hybridization of metaphase chromosomes using genomic probes gave selective labeling of 10q22.2-23.1. We speculate that SP-D is encoded at a locus on 10q that includes the genes for surfactant protein A.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1993|