Genome-wide linkage and positional association study of blood pressure response to dietary sodium intervention

Hao Mei, Dongfeng Gu, James E. Hixson, Treva K. Rice, Jing Chen, Lawrence C. Shimmin, Karen Schwander, Tanika N. Kelly, De Pei Liu, Shufeng Chen, Jian Feng Huang, Cashell E. Jaquish, Dabeeru C. Rao, Jiang He

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8 Scopus citations

Abstract

The authors conducted a genome-wide linkage scan and positional association analysis to identify the genetic determinants of salt sensitivity of blood pressure (BP) in a large family-based, dietary-feeding study. The dietary intervention was conducted among 1,906 participants in rural China (2003-2005). A 7-day low-sodium intervention was followed by a 7-day high-sodium intervention. Salt sensitivity was defined as BP responses to low-and high-sodium interventions. Signals of the logarithm of the odds to the base 10 (LOD < 3) were detected at 33-42 centimorgans of chromosome 2 (2p24.3-2p24.1), with a maximum LOD score of 3.33 for diastolic blood pressure responses to high-sodium intervention. LOD scores were 2.35-2.91 for mean arterial pressure (MAP) and 0.80-1.49 for systolic blood pressure responses in this region, respectively. Correcting for multiple tests, single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs11674786 (2.7 kilobases upstream of the family with sequence similarity 84, member A, gene (FAM84A)) in the linkage region was significantly associated with diastolic blood pressure (P 0.0007) and MAP responses (P 0.0007), and SNP rs16983422 (2.8 kilobases upstream of the visinin-like 1 gene (VSNL1)) was marginally associated with diastolic blood pressure (P 0.005) and MAP responses (P 0.005). An additive interaction between SNPs rs11674786 and rs16983422 was observed, with P 7.00 × 10-5 and P 7.23 × 10-5 for diastolic blood pressure and MAP responses, respectively. The authors concluded that genetic region 2p24.3-2p24.1 might harbor functional variants for the salt sensitivity of BP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S81-S90
JournalAmerican journal of epidemiology
Volume176
Issue numberSUPPL. 7
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2012

Keywords

  • allelic association
  • blood pressure
  • genetic linkage
  • salt sensitivity

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