Breast density, the amount of fibroglandular versus fatty tissue in the breast, is a strong breast cancer risk factor. Understanding genetic factors associated with breast density may help in clarifying mechanisms by which breast density increases cancer risk. To date, 50 genetic loci have been associated with breast density, however, these studies were performed among predominantly European ancestry populations. We utilized a cohort of women aged 40–85 years who underwent screening mammography and had genetic information available from the Penn Medicine BioBank to conduct a Genome-Wide Association Study (GWAS) of breast density among 1323 women of African ancestry. For each mammogram, the publicly available “LIBRA” software was used to quantify dense area and area percent density. We identified 34 significant loci associated with dense area and area percent density, with the strongest signals in GACAT3, CTNNA3, HSD17B6, UGDH, TAAR8, ARHGAP10, BOD1L2, and NR3C2. There was significant overlap between previously identified breast cancer SNPs and SNPs identified as associated with breast density. Our results highlight the importance of breast density GWAS among diverse populations, including African ancestry populations. They may provide novel insights into genetic factors associated with breast density and help in elucidating mechanisms by which density increases breast cancer risk.
- African ancestry
- breast cancer
- breast density
- genome-wide association study