Genetic variants in the apelin system and blood pressure responses to dietary sodium interventions: A family-based association study

Qi Zhao, James E. Hixson, Dabeeru C. Rao, Dongfeng Gu, Cashell E. Jaquish, Treva Rice, Lawrence C. Shimmin, Jichun Chen, Jie Cao, Tanika N. Kelly, Lotuce Lee Hamm, Jiang He

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective We examined the association between genetic variants in the apelin system and blood pressure (BP) responses to low-sodium and high-sodium interventions in the GenSalt Study. Methods A 7-day low-sodium intervention (51.3 mmol sodium per day) followed by a 7-day high-sodium intervention (307.8 mmol sodium per day) was conducted among 1906 participants from 637 Han Chinese families. BP measurements were obtained at baseline and following each intervention using a random-zero sphygmomanometer. Twenty-three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), including both tag and functional SNPs, were selected from three candidate genes (APLN, APLNR, and ACE2). Single marker and haplotype analyses were conducted using the Family Based Association Test program. The false discovery rate method was used to correct for multiple testing. Results SNPs rs2282623 and rs746886 of the APLNR gene were significantly associated with DBP (both P = 0.002) and mean arterial pressure (MAP) (P = 0.001 and 0.005, respectively) responses to low-sodium intervention. Six SNPs of the ACE2 gene were significantly associated with SBP, DBP, or MAP responses to low-sodium intervention. Three of them, rs1514283, rs1514282, and rs4646176, were also significantly associated with MAP response to high-sodium intervention (all P ≤ 0.006). Haplotype analysis indicated the A-T-T haplotype of APLNR SNPs rs721608-rs2282623-rs746886 was associated with decreased DBP and MAP responses to low-sodium intervention (P = 0.001 and 0.003, respectively), whereas G-C-C was associated with increased SBP and MAP responses to high-sodium intervention (P = 0.004 and 0.01, respectively). Conclusion This large family-based study indicates that genetic variants in the APLNR and ACE2 genes are significantly associated with BP responses to dietary sodium intervention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)756-763
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Hypertension
Volume28
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2010

Keywords

  • ACE2
  • Apelin
  • Apelin receptor
  • Blood pressure
  • Dietary sodium
  • Polymorphism
  • Salt sensitivity

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