Genetic relationships between suicide attempts, suicidal ideation and major psychiatric disorders: A genome-wide association and polygenic scoring study

Niamh Mullins, Nader Perroud, Rudolf Uher, Amy W. Butler, Sarah Cohen-Woods, Margarita Rivera, Karim Malki, Jack Euesden, Robert A. Power, Katherine E. Tansey, Lisa Jones, Ian Jones, Nick Craddock, Michael J. Owen, Ania Korszun, Michael Gill, Ole Mors, Martin Preisig, Wolfgang Maier, Marcella RietschelJohn P. Rice, Bertram Müller-Myhsok, Elisabeth B. Binder, Susanne Lucae, Marcus Ising, Ian W. Craig, Anne E. Farmer, Peter Mcguffin, Gerome Breen, Cathryn M. Lewis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

76 Scopus citations

Abstract

Epidemiological studies have recognized a genetic diathesis for suicidal behavior, which is independent of other psychiatric disorders. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) on suicide attempt (SA) and ideation have failed to identify specific genetic variants. Here, we conduct further GWAS and for the first time, use polygenic score analysis in cohorts of patients with mood disorders, to test for common genetic variants for mood disorders and suicide phenotypes. Genome-wide studies for SA were conducted in the RADIANT and GSK-Munich recurrent depression samples and London Bipolar Affective Disorder Case-Control Study (BACCs) then meta-analysis was performed. A GWAS on suicidal ideation during antidepressant treatment had previously been conducted in the Genome Based Therapeutic Drugs for Depression (GENDEP) study. We derived polygenic scores from each sample and tested their ability to predict SA in the mood disorder cohorts or ideation status in the GENDEP study. Polygenic scores for major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder and schizophrenia from the Psychiatric Genomics Consortium were used to investigate pleiotropy between psychiatric disorders and suicide phenotypes. No significant evidence for association was detected at any SNP in GWAS or meta-analysis. Polygenic scores for major depressive disorder significantly predicted suicidal ideation in the GENDEP pharmacogenetics study and also predicted SA in a combined validation dataset. Polygenic scores for SA showed no predictive ability for suicidal ideation. Polygenic score analysis suggests pleiotropy between psychiatric disorders and suicidal ideation whereas the tendency to act on such thoughts may have a partially independent genetic diathesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)428-437
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Medical Genetics, Part B: Neuropsychiatric Genetics
Volume165
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2014

Keywords

  • Association
  • Meta-analysis
  • Pleiotropy
  • Prediction

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