Genetic, epigenetic, and gene-by-diet interaction effects underlie variation in serum lipids in a LG/JxSM/J murine model

Heather A. Lawson, Kathleen M. Zelle, Gloria L. Fawcett, Bing Wang, L. Susan Pletscher, Taylor J. Maxwell, Thomas H. Ehrich, Jane P. Kenney-Hunt, Jason B. Wolf, Clay F. Semenkovich, James M. Cheverud

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19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Variation in serum cholesterol, free-fatty acids, and triglycerides is associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. There is great interest in characterizing the underlying genetic architecture of these risk factors, because they vary greatly within and among human populations and between the sexes. We present results of a genome-wide scan for quantitative trait loci (QTL) affecting serum cholesterol, free-fatty acids, and triglycerides in an F16 advanced intercross line of LG/J and SM/J (Wustl:LG,SM-G16). Half of the population was fed a high-fat diet and half was fed a relatively low-fat diet. Context-dependent genetic (additive and dominance) and epigenetic (imprinting) effects were characterized by partitioning animals into sex, diet, and sex-by-diet cohorts. Here we examine genetic, environmental, and genetic-by-environmental interactions of QTL overlapping previously identified loci associated with CVD risk factors, and we add to the serum lipid QTL landscape by identifying new loci.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2976-2984
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of lipid research
Volume51
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2010

Keywords

  • Cholesterol
  • Free-fatty acid
  • Imprinting
  • LG/J by SM/J advanced intercross
  • Quantitative trait locus
  • Triglyceride

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    Lawson, H. A., Zelle, K. M., Fawcett, G. L., Wang, B., Pletscher, L. S., Maxwell, T. J., Ehrich, T. H., Kenney-Hunt, J. P., Wolf, J. B., Semenkovich, C. F., & Cheverud, J. M. (2010). Genetic, epigenetic, and gene-by-diet interaction effects underlie variation in serum lipids in a LG/JxSM/J murine model. Journal of lipid research, 51(10), 2976-2984. https://doi.org/10.1194/jlr.M006957