Genetic and functional analysis of the otosclerosis-like condition of the LP/j mouse1

Kenneth R. Henry, Richard A. Chole

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11 Scopus citations

Abstract

The LP/J mouse is the only available genetic model for otosclerosis. The otosclerosis-like condition of the LP/J mouse resembles the human condition in several ways, although there are differences in the two species in the most common locus of the displasic otic lesions. The mouse model would be more useful if its auditory dysfunction and genetic inheritance could also be compared with the human disease. Matings of the otosclerosis-like LP/J and the normal CBA/J inbred mice were used to generate Fl and backcross generations. The Fl showed neither functional (electrocochleographic) nor anatomical abnormalities, indicating a recessive nature of the mouse genetic disease. This is in contrast to some reports of dominance (with incomplete penetrance) of otosclerosis in humans. No evidence of X-chromosome-linked genetic influence was found in the mouse, in agreement with the human condition. These interpretations were confirmed in tests of the backcross of the Fl to the CBA/J parental genotype (BC). The anatomical and functional abnormalities were present in some of the backcrosses of the Fl to the LP/J parental genotype (BL). A comparison of bone-conducted and air-conducted electrocochleographic responses provided evidence for both conductive and sensorineural losses in the LP/J and BL mice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)44-55
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Audiology
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1987

Keywords

  • Cochlear michrophonic
  • Cochlear nerve action potential
  • Conductive hearing loss
  • Genetics of hearing
  • LP/J mouse
  • Otosclerosis
  • Otosclerosis-like condition
  • Sensorineural hearing loss

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