Genetic ablation or chemical inhibition of phosphatidylcholine transfer protein attenuates diet-induced hepatic glucose production

Ekaterina Y. Shishova, Janis M. Stoll, Baran A. Ersoy, Sudeep Shrestha, Erez F. Scapa, Yingxia Li, Michele W. Niepel, Ya Su, Linda A. Jelicks, Gregory L. Stahl, Marcie A. Glicksman, Roger Gutierrez-Juarez, Gregory D. Cuny, David E. Cohen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


Phosphatidylcholine transfer protein (PC-TP, synonym StARD2) is a highly specific intracellular lipid binding protein that is enriched in liver. Coding region polymorphisms in both humans and mice appear to confer protection against measures of insulin resistance. The current study was designed to test the hypotheses that Pctp-/- mice are protected against diet-induced increases in hepatic glucose production and that small molecule inhibition of PC-TP recapitulates this phenotype. Pctp-/- and wildtype mice were subjected to high-fat feeding and rates of hepatic glucose production and glucose clearance were quantified by hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamp studies and pyruvate tolerance tests. These studies revealed that high-fat diet-induced increases in hepatic glucose production were markedly attenuated in Pctp-/- mice. Small molecule inhibitors of PC-TP were synthesized and their potencies, as well as mechanism of inhibition, were characterized in vitro. An optimized inhibitor was administered to high-fat-fed mice and used to explore effects on insulin signaling in cell culture systems. Small molecule inhibitors bound PC-TP, displaced phosphatidylcholines from the lipid binding site, and increased the thermal stability of the protein. Administration of the optimized inhibitor to wildtype mice attenuated hepatic glucose production associated with high-fat feeding, but had no activity in Pctp-/- mice. Indicative of a mechanism for reducing glucose intolerance that is distinct from commonly utilized insulin-sensitizing agents, the inhibitor promoted insulin-independent phosphorylation of key insulin signaling molecules. Conclusion: These findings suggest PC-TP inhibition as a novel therapeutic strategy in the management of hepatic insulin resistance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)664-674
Number of pages11
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 2011


Dive into the research topics of 'Genetic ablation or chemical inhibition of phosphatidylcholine transfer protein attenuates diet-induced hepatic glucose production'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this