Genetic ablation of calcium-independent phospholipase A2γ induces glomerular injury in mice

Hanan Elimam, Joan Papillon, Daniel R. Kaufman, Julie Guillemette, Lamine Aoudjit, Richard W. Gross, Tomoko Takano, Andrey V. Cybulsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Glomerular visceral epithelial cells (podocytes) play a critical role in the maintenance of glomerular permselectivity. Podocyte injury, manifesting as proteinuria, is the cause of many glomerular diseases.Wereported previously that calcium-independent phospholipase A2γ (iPLA2γ) is cytoprotective against complement-mediated glomerular epithelial cell injury. Studies in iPLA2γ KO mice have demonstrated an important role for iPLA2γ in mitochondrial lipid turnover, membrane structure, and metabolism. The aim of the present study was to employ iPLA2γ KO mice to better understand the role of iPLA2γ in normal glomerular and podocyte function as well as in glomerular injury. We show that deletion of iPLA2γ did not cause detectable albuminuria; however, it resulted in mitochondrial structural abnormalities and enhanced autophagy in podocytes as well as loss of podocytes in aging KO mice. Moreover, after induction of anti-glomerular basement membrane nephritis in young mice, iPLA2γ KO mice exhibited significantly increased levels of albuminuria, podocyte injury, and loss of podocytes compared with wild type. Thus, iPLA2γ has a protective functional role in the normal glomerulus and in glomerulonephritis. Understanding the role of iPLA2γ in glomerular pathophysiology provides opportunities for the development of novel therapeutic approaches to glomerular injury and proteinuria.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14468-14482
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume291
Issue number28
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 8 2016

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