Buffering of blood pressure during change of posture such as standing is controlled largely by the baroreflex. In our population-based Victorian Family Heart Study (VFHS), we previously demonstrated that, on average, systolic blood pressure (SBP) changes very little on standing; however, interindividual variation is substantial and shows familial aggregation, with ∼25% of the variance attributable to genetic factors. Our genomewide linkage analysis suggests a region on chromosome 12p that harbors two strong candidate genes, KCNJ8 and ABCC9, encoding the channel-forming inward rectifier subunit Kir6.1 and the ATP-sensitive binding cassette SUR2B, respectively. These are key components of smooth muscle ATP-sensitive potassium (KATP) channels, important regulators of arterial tone and blood flow and central to autonomic baroreceptor control of changes in total peripheral resistance. We performed a comprehensive association analysis of 47 tag single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) spanning the KCNJ8 and ABCC9 gene regions with postural change in SBP (ΔSBP). To augment power, we took a selective genotyping approach in which we compared allele and genotype frequencies between 150 unrelated individuals with high (positive) ΔSBP (≥ 7 mmHg) and 150 unrelated individuals with low (negative) ΔSBP (≤ -7 mmHg) drawn from the offspring generation (18-30 yr) of the VFHS. Association analyses showed that no SNPs demonstrated statistically significant differences in genotype frequencies between groups, particularly after adjustments for multiple testing. We conclude that sequence variants in KCNJ8 and ABCC9 are unlikely to contribute to variation in ΔSBP. Other genes in the identified chromosome 12p region warrant investigation.
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - Feb 2010|
- Single nucleotide polymorphisms