Generative discriminative models for multivariate inference and statistical mapping in medical imaging

Erdem Varol, Aristeidis Sotiras, Ke Zeng, Christos Davatzikos

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper presents a general framework for obtaining interpretable multivariate discriminative models that allow efficient statistical inference for neuroimage analysis. The framework, termed generative discriminative machine (GDM), augments discriminative models with a generative regularization term. We demonstrate that the proposed formulation can be optimized in closed form and in dual space, allowing efficient computation for high dimensional neuroimaging datasets. Furthermore, we provide an analytic estimation of the null distribution of the model parameters, which enables efficient statistical inference and p-value computation without the need for permutation testing. We compared the proposed method with both purely generative and discriminative learning methods in two large structural magnetic resonance imaging (sMRI) datasets of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) (n = 415) and Schizophrenia (n = 853). Using the AD dataset, we demonstrated the ability of GDM to robustly handle confounding variations. Using Schizophrenia dataset, we demonstrated the ability of GDM to handle multi-site studies. Taken together, the results underline the potential of the proposed approach for neuroimaging analyses.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMedical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention – MICCAI 2018 - 21st International Conference, 2018, Proceedings
EditorsAlejandro F. Frangi, Christos Davatzikos, Gabor Fichtinger, Carlos Alberola-López, Julia A. Schnabel
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Pages540-548
Number of pages9
ISBN (Print)9783030009304
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018
Event21st International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention, MICCAI 2018 - Granada, Spain
Duration: Sep 16 2018Sep 20 2018

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume11072 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Conference

Conference21st International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention, MICCAI 2018
Country/TerritorySpain
CityGranada
Period09/16/1809/20/18

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