Generalized anxiety disorder severity scale validation in older adults

Carmen Andreescu, Bea Herbeck Belnap, Bruce L. Rollman, Patricia Houck, Caroline Ciliberti, Sati Mazumdar, M. Katherine Shear, Eric J. Lenze

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVES:: The Generalized Anxiety Disorder Severity Scale (GADSS) is a validated measure of Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) symptom severity. Given the high prevalence of GAD in the elderly and the need for a validated scale to assess GAD severity in this age group, the authors examined the psychometric properties of the GADSS in the elderly. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS:: The authors examined a sample of 134 elderly subjects (age 60 and above) who met diagnostic criteria for current GAD, 33 healthy elderly comparison subjects (age 60 and above) and 186 younger subjects (age 18ĝ€"60) diagnosed with GAD. RESULTS:: The GADSS had a high internal consistency in the elderly subjects (raw Cronbachs ± ≤ 0.76). Pearson correlations showed a significant positive correlation between GADSS, Hamilton Rating Scale for Anxiety and Penn State Worry Questionnaire. Pearson correlations showed an inverse significant correlation between GADSS and the Medical Outcome Study SF-36. There was no correlation between GADSS and Mini Mental State Examination or Cumulative Illness Rating Scale for Geriatrics. CONCLUSIONS:: The results showed a good convergent, concurrent, and discriminant validity of the GADSS when used for elderly with GAD. The authors conclude that GADSS is a valid measure of GAD symptom severity in older adults.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)813-818
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2008


  • Elderly
  • Generalized anxiety disorder
  • Severity scale


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