General and Eating Disorder Psychopathology in Relation to Short- And Long-Term Weight Change in Treatment-Seeking Children: A Latent Profile Analysis

Anne Claire Grammer, John R. Best, Lauren A. Fowler, Katherine N. Balantekin, Richard I. Stein, Rachel P.Kolko Conlon, Brian E. Saelens, R. Robinson Welch, Michael G. Perri, Leonard H. Epstein, Denise E. Wilfley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Background: Concurrent general psychopathology (GP) and eating disorder psychopathology (EDP) are commonly reported among youth with overweight/obesity and may impact weight change. Purpose: We identified patterns of GP and EDP in children with overweight/obesity and examined the impact on weight change following family-based behavioral obesity treatment (FBT) and maintenance interventions. Methods: Children (N = 172) participated in 4 month FBT and subsequent 8 month weight maintenance interventions. GP and EDP were assessed prior to FBT (baseline). Child percentage overweight was assessed at baseline, post-FBT (4 months), and post-maintenance (12 months). Latent profile analysis identified patterns of baseline GP and EDP. Linear mixed-effects models examined if profiles predicted 4- and 12-month change in percentage overweight and if there were two-way and three-way interactions among these variables, adjusting for relevant covariates. Results: Results indicated a three-profile structure: lower GP and EDP (LOWER); subclinically elevated GP and EDP without loss of control (LOC; HIGHER); and subclinically elevated GP and EDP with LOC (HIGHER + LOC). Across profiles, children on average achieved clinically meaningful weight loss (i.e., ≥9 unit change in percentage overweight) from baseline to 4 month FBT and sustained these improvements at 12 month maintenance. There was no evidence that latent profiles were related to percentage overweight change from baseline to FBT (p >. 05) or baseline to maintenance (p >. 05). There was no evidence for two-way or three-way interactions (p >. 05). Conclusion: Concurrent GP and EDP do not portend differential short- or long-term weight change following FBT and maintenance. Future research is warranted on the durability of weight change among youth with GP and EDP. Trial registration: NCT00759746.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)698-704
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Behavioral Medicine
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1 2021


  • Childhood obesity
  • Eating disorder psychopathology
  • General psychopathology
  • Treatment


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