AIDS-related malignancies (ARM) include AIDS-defining cancers such as Kaposi's sarcoma, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and cervical carcinoma. In addition, certain other malignancies are also increased with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. New antiretroviral agents and better prophylaxis and treatment of HIV-related opportunistic infections are prolonging the lives of HIV-infected individuals. There will thus likely be a continued rise in the incidence and prevalence of ARM in the long term, even if effective antiretroviral and other AIDS-related therapies reduce their appearance in the short term. There are presently no curative regimens for the common ARM, with the possible exception of some lymphomas. Survival is shortened by most, and treatment is often toxic and poorly tolerated. Gene therapies may thus offer a useful adjunct to conventional treatment strategies for selected ARM. Although some gene therapy strategies may work well in the HIV setting, the chronic viral infection, immunodeficient status of the host, the tendency for HIV-infected individuals to have altered drug metabolism and an increased rate of adverse reactions will likely present special challenges. This review summarizes the state-of-the-art in the fledgling field of gene therapy for ARM, and explores areas for future research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1284-1288
Number of pages5
JournalGene therapy
Issue number12
StatePublished - 1997


  • AIDS
  • Cervical carcinoma
  • Gene therapy
  • Kaposi's sarcoma
  • Malignancy
  • Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma


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