The X chromosome-linked chronic granulomatous disease (X-CGD) locus, which encodes the gp91(phox) subunit of the phagocyte respiratory-burst oxidase cytochrome b, was disrupted by homologous recombination in the PLB-985 human myeloid cell line to develop an in vitro model of X-CGD. Superoxide formation was absent in targeted cells after differentiation to granulocytes but was rescued by stable transfection and expression of wild-type gp91(phox) cDNA. The targeted cell line should be useful in experiments aimed at defining functional regions within gp91(phox) by expression of mutant gp91(phox) cDNAs, complementing studies of naturally occurring mutations in X-CGD. In addition, the mutant line provides a model system in which to establish an experimental basis for the treatment of X-CGD patients with gene replacement therapy. Rescued clones containing even modest amounts of recombinant gp91(phox) had respiratory-burst activity comparable to the wild-type PLB- 985 line, suggesting that functional correction of X-CGD neutrophils may not require high-level expression of gp91(phox).
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Nov 16 1993|
- NADPH oxidase
- cytochrome b
- respiratory burst