Novel and powerful technologies such as DNA microarrays and proteomics have made possible the analysis of the expression levels of multiple genes simultaneously both in health and disease. In combination, these technologies promise to revolutionize biology, in particular in the area of molecular medicine as they are expected to reveal gene regulation events involved in disease progression as well as to pinpoint potential targets for drug discovery and diagnostics. Here, we review the current status of these technologies and highlight some studies in which they have been applied in concert to the analysis of biopsy specimens. (C) 2000 Federation of European Biochemical Societies.
- Bladder cancer
- Gene expression profile
- Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis