Gene expression of type II collagens in chondro-osteophytes in experimental osteoarthritis

J. R. Matyas, L. J. Sandell, M. E. Adams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

The formation of chondro-osteophytes in osteoarthritic joints is a unique example of adult neochondrogenesis that bears some similarities to growth plate elongation and fracture callus formation. This study uses in situ hybridization histochemistry to define the molecular phenotype of cells in active chondro-osteophytes. Chondro-osteophytes are composed of fibrocytes and osteoblasts that express type I procollagen mRNA, mesenchymal prechondrocytes that express type IIA procollagen mRNA, and maturing chondrocytes that express type IIB procollagen mRNA. Based on the spatial pattern of gene expression and cytomorphology, the neochondrogenesis associated with chondro-osteophyte formation closely resembles that of healing fracture callus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-105
Number of pages7
JournalOsteoarthritis and Cartilage
Volume5
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997

Keywords

  • alternative splicing
  • in situ hybridization histochemistry
  • osteophytes
  • type II collagen

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