Gene expression during phorbol ester-induced differentiation of cultured human megakaryoblastic cells

G. W. Dorn, M. G. Davis, D. D. D'Angelo

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20 Scopus citations


Platelet protein makeup is determined during transformation of megakaryoblasts to mature megakaryocytes, the immediate precursor of circulating platelets. To better understand the molecular mechanisms of megakaryocyte formation, gene expression was characterized by Northern analysis and RNA fingerprinting of cultured human CHRF-288 megakaryoblastic cells undergoing phorbol ester-stimulated megakaryocytic differentiation or serum-stimulated megakaryoblast proliferation. Protooncogenes c-fos and c- jun were coordinately upregulated in both proliferating and differentiating cells, whereas c-myc transcripts were upregulated during proliferation only. In contrast, mRNAs for transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) and thromboxane receptors were coordinately upregulated during differentiation but differentially regulated during proliferation. RNA fingerprinting revealed multiple transcripts specific to either proliferating or differentiated cells. Three of these were identified by homology to known DNA sequence: CDw44 adhesion molecule (upregulated during differentiation), glutathione sulfhydryl peroxidase (downregulated during differentiation), and plectin cytoskeletal protein (upregulated during differentiation). Thus, although megakaryoblast proliferation and megakaryocyte differentiation both involve DNA and protein synthesis, each growth response is characterized by a distinct pattern of gene expression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)C1231-C1239
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology
Issue number5 35-5
StatePublished - 1994


  • oncogenes
  • platelets
  • ribonucleic acid fingerprint
  • thromboxane receptor
  • transforming growth factor


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