Gender Differences in Wear Rates for 28- vs 32-mm Ceramic Femoral Heads on Modern Highly Cross-linked Polyethylene at Midterm Follow-Up in Young Patients Undergoing Total Hip Arthroplasty

Jeffrey B. Stambough, Gail Pashos, Ningying Wu, Jacob A. Haynes, John M. Martell, John C. Clohisy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: We report on the midterm linear and volumetric wear of highly cross-linked polyethylene (HXLPE) and survivorship of 2 prospective young total hip arthroplasty (THA) cohorts that differed by the size of ceramic femoral head used: 28 vs 32 mm. Methods: We prospectively analyzed 220 consecutive primary THAs in patients aged ≤50 years who received a cementless THA with a ceramic femoral head on HXLPE liner (C-HXLPE). There were 101 patients (46%) with 28-mm heads and 119 patients (54%) who received 32-mm heads at a mean follow-up of 5.5 years (range, 60-109 months). Wear was calculated using Martell Software. Results: The 28-mm C-HXLPE cohort demonstrated average linear and volumetric wear of 0.020 mm/y (standard deviation [SD], 0.074; 95% CI, 0.003-0.037) and 18.775 mm3/y (SD, 21.743; 95% CI, 13.773-23.778) compared with 0.032 mm/y (SD, 0.087; 95% CI, 0.013-0.050]) and 29.847 mm3/y (SD, 35.441; 95% CI, 22.294-37.401) in the 32-mm C-HXLPE group. Subgroup analysis by gender and head size discovered significantly greater wear in females with 32-mm heads compared with 28-mm heads in both linear (0.01, 95% CI = -0.014 to 0.033 vs 0.048, 95% CI = 0.022-0.074 mm/y, P =.004) and volumetric wear (14.11, 95% CI = 8.957-19.271] vs 29.71, 95% CI = 17.584-41.840] mm3/y, P =.009). We found a 96% (95% CI = 92.30%-97.94%]) survivorship by Kaplan-Meier analysis at minimum 5 years with no failures because of osteolysis. Conclusions: Ceramic on HXLPE demonstrates extremely low wear properties in young patients at midterm follow-up. We identified a gender-dependent difference in wear based on head size, with 32-mm heads being associated with increased wear in females.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)899-905
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Arthroplasty
Volume31
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2016

Keywords

  • Gender differences
  • Highly cross-linked polyethylene
  • Martell method
  • Total hip arthroplasty outcomes
  • Wear

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Gender Differences in Wear Rates for 28- vs 32-mm Ceramic Femoral Heads on Modern Highly Cross-linked Polyethylene at Midterm Follow-Up in Young Patients Undergoing Total Hip Arthroplasty'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this