Gender Differences in Type A Behavior and Hostility Within An Organizational Setting

Patti Lou Watkins, Kenneth B. Schechtman, Douglas R. Southard, Clay H. Ward, Linda Carpenter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recent investigations suggest that the hostility component of the Type A behavior patter (TABP) is a greater detriment to health than the overall pattern. Some researchers suggest that certain Type A characteristics (e.g., job-involvement) are actually adaptive. This study compared the relative relationship of the TABP and hostility to career-related achievement and psychosocial adjustment among 223 service-delivery employees. Male and female participants completed the Jenkins Activity Survey and the MMPI Hostility Scale as part of a cardiovascular disease risk factor screening. The TABP was positively associated with managerial status for both men and women. However, the TABP was positively related to psychosocial adjustment variables among men only. Hostility was significantly related to undesirable outcomes including lower job status, life dissatisfaction, and unfavorable perceptions of the workplace for both men and women. Discussion addresses organizational factors which might perpetuate hostility and the TABP, as well as gender differences in the experience of these constructs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-151
Number of pages11
JournalPsychology & Health
Volume6
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1992

Keywords

  • Type A behavior
  • gender differences
  • hostility
  • organizational factors

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