The purpose of the current study was to determine whether knee surface rolling and gliding kinematics differed between genders during open and closed kinetic chain movement conditions. Eleven unimpaired adults (six men and five women) participated in this study. Sagittal plane path of instant center of rotation measurements were obtained with videographic motion analysis and applied to a mathematical knee model from which joint surface rolling and gliding kinematics were obtained. In addition, normalized electromyographic data were collected from subjects' quadriceps and hamstring muscles. During closed kinetic chain knee extension, as the knee approached terminal extension, female participants showed significantly greater relative joint surface gliding than male participants. Female participants also extended the knee in the closed kinetic chain with less relative hamstring activity than males. The relationship between joint surface gliding and relative hamstring activity in females during closed kinetic chain knee extension may explain, in part, the greater incidence of noncontact anterior cruciate ligament injury that occurs in females.
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||Clinical orthopaedics and related research|
|State||Published - Aug 2003|