GATA factors in endocrine neoplasia

Marjut Pihlajoki, Anniina Färkkilä, Tea Soini, Markku Heikinheimo, David B. Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

GATA transcription factors are structurally-related zinc finger proteins that recognize the consensus DNA sequence WGATAA (the GATA motif), an essential cis-acting element in the promoters and enhancers of many genes. These transcription factors regulate cell fate specification and differentiation in a wide array of tissues. As demonstrated by genetic analyses of mice and humans, GATA factors play pivotal roles in the development, homeostasis, and function of several endocrine organs including the adrenal cortex, ovary, pancreas, parathyroid, pituitary, and testis. Additionally, GATA factors have been shown to be mutated, overexpressed, or underexpressed in a variety of endocrine tumors (. e.g., adrenocortical neoplasms, parathyroid tumors, pituitary adenomas, and sex cord stromal tumors). Emerging evidence suggests that GATA factors play a direct role in the initiation, proliferation, or propagation of certain endocrine tumors via modulation of key developmental signaling pathways implicated in oncogenesis, such as the WNT/β-catenin and TGFβ pathways. Altered expression or function of GATA factors can also affect the metabolism, ploidy, and invasiveness of tumor cells. This article provides an overview of the role of GATA factors in endocrine neoplasms. Relevant animal models are highlighted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2-17
Number of pages16
JournalMolecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Volume421
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 5 2016

Keywords

  • Adrenocortical tumor
  • Granulosa cell tumor
  • Parathyroid tumor
  • Pituitary adenoma
  • Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor

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