Gastrointestinal Tract Granular Cell Tumor in the Pediatric Population: A Multicenter Experience

Muhammad Shaheen, Benjamin J. Wilkins, Archana Shenoy, Kathleen Byrnes, Xiaoyi Tina Zhang, Iván A. González

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Pediatric granular cell tumors (GCT) involving the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) are rare with limited case report/series reported to date. Methods: Multicenter retrospective study of pediatric GIT GCT. Results: A total of 10 cases were included in the study with a median age of 13.5 years (range: 7-18 years) and were predominantly female patients (60%). In half of the patients no significant medical history was present with the remaining 5 having Crohn disease (10%), eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) (10%), Crohn disease and EoE (10%), growth hormone deficiency (10%), and aplasia cutis congenita (10%). The GCT median size was 1.3 cm (range: 1-1.6 cm) and were more commonly located in the esophagus (70%) followed by the stomach (20%) and rectum (10%). Most of the cases showed round/polygonal tumor cells with abundant granular cytoplasm, and none of the cases had nuclear atypia, increased mitotic activity, or tumor cell necrosis. None of our cases received specific therapy for GCT other than clinical follow-up, and none of the patients had evidence of local recurrence or metastatic disease. Conclusion: We present our multicenter experience with GIT GCT, all cases had a benign course. Interestingly, 4 of the esophageal GCT cases (including 2 patients with EoE) showed an eosinophil-rich esophagitis in the underlying mucosa.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPediatric and Developmental Pathology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2024

Keywords

  • esophagus
  • gastrointestinal tract
  • granular cell tumor
  • pediatric
  • rectum
  • stomach

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