Thirty-three patients receiving either salvage chemotherapy or bone marrow transplantation with potential surgical illness related to gastrointestinal symptoms were identified. Sixty-nine percent of patients received salvage chemotherapy for either hematological (61%) or visceral malignancies (39%). Twenty-one percent of patients had a previous bone marrow transplant. Twenty-two (66%) had an absolute neutrophil count less than 10(3)/mm3. Ulcerative foregut disease (51%) and perianal disease (21%) were the most common disease entities identified. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (79%) and anorectal examination under anesthesia (21%) provided the greatest diagnostic yield. The mean hospitalization was 21 days. Surgery was performed in 21% of patients, but was seldom required for abdominal pain or intestinal bleeding. Perianal disease was often chronic and required multiple operative procedures. Overall, a 27% mortality was found. Gastrointestinal disease in patients receiving salvage chemotherapy or bone marrow transplantation is usually manifested by bleeding and localized to the proximal gut, or related to perianal disease.
|Number of pages||4|
|State||Published - Oct 1994|