Transection of the fimbria fornix leads to retrograde degeneration of axotomised septal cholinergic neurons as manifested by loss of choline acetyltransferase and p75(NGFR) immunoreactivity. Intracerebroventricularly administered nerve growth factor initiated at the time of axotomy can prevent these changes. We have shown that concurrent intraperitoneal administration of GM1 with a low and otherwise unprotective intracerebroventricular dose of nerve growth factor, can also prevent the loss of these fimbria fornix axotomised cholinergic neurons, where GM1 alone does not have this effect. This study further confirms the neuroprotective actions of GM1 and suggests that it may interact to potentiate the effect of nerve growth factor on these axotomised septal cholinergic neurons.
- Septal cholinergic neurons