12/i3 regulate epiboly by inhibiting E-cadherin activity and modulating the actin cytoskeleton

Fang Lin, Songhai Chen, Diane S. Sepich, Jennifer Ray Panizzi, Sherry G. Clendenon, James A. Marrs, Heidi E. Hamm, Lilianna Solnica-Krezel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Scopus citations

Abstract

Epiboly spreads and thins the blastoderm over the yolk cell during zebrafish gastrulation, and involves coordinated movements of several cell layers. Although recent studies have begun to elucidate the processes that underlie these epibolic movements, the cellular and molecular mechanisms involved remain to be fully defined. Here, we show that gastrulae with altered Gα 12/13 signaling display delayed epibolic movement of the deep cells, abnormal movement of dorsal forerunner cells, and dissociation of cells from the blastoderm, phenocopying e-cadherin mutants. Biochemical and genetic studies indicate that Gα 12/13 regulate epi- boly, in part by associating with the cytoplasmic terminus of E-cadherin, and thereby inhibiting E-cadherin activity and cell adhesion. Furthermore, we demonstrate that Gα 12/13 modulate epibolic movements of the enveloping layer by regulating actin cytoskeleton organization through a RhoGEF/Rho-dependent pathway. These results provide the first in vivo evidence that Gα 12/13 regulate epiboly through two distinct mechanisms: limiting E-cadherin activity and modulating the organization of the actin cytoskeleton.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)909-921
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Cell Biology
Volume184
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 23 2009

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Gα 12/i3 regulate epiboly by inhibiting E-cadherin activity and modulating the actin cytoskeleton'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this