c-Src and Lyn are the only Src family kinases (SFKs) with established activity in osteoclasts (OCs). c-Src promotes function via cytoskeletal organization of the mature resorptive cell while Lyn is a negative regulator of osteoclastogenesis. We establish that Fyn, another SFK, also impacts the OC, but in a manner distinctly different than c-Src and Lyn. Fyn deficiency principally alters cells throughout the osteoclastogenic process, resulting in diminished numbers of resorptive polykaryons. Arrested OC formation in the face of insufficient Fyn reflects reduced proliferation of precursors, in response to M-CSF and retarded RANK ligand (RANKL)-induced differentiation, attended by suppressed activation of the osteoclastogenic signaling molecules, c-Jun, and NF-κB. The anti-apoptotic properties of RANKL are also compromised in cells deleted of Fyn, an event mediated by increased Bim expression and failed activation of Akt. The defective osteoclastogenesis of Fyn-/- OCs dampens bone resorption, in vitro. Finally, while Fyn deficiency does not regulate basal osteoclastogenesis, in vivo, it reduces that stimulated by RANKL by ∼2/3. Thus, Fyn is a pro-resorptive SFK, which exerts its effects by prompting proliferation and differentiation while attenuating apoptosis of OC lineage cells.
- RANK ligand
- Src family kinase (SFK)