Substituted bicyclic 2-pyridones, termed pilicides, prevent pilus assembly in uropathogenic Escherichia coli. Based on the bioactive methyl ester protected 2-pyridone 4, further functionalization at C-6 has yielded a set of new compounds, which have been evaluated for their ability to inhibit pilus formation in uropathogenic E. coli. The key intermediate in the synthesis was formylated 2-pyridone 5, which could be obtained via a Vilsmeier reaction. This versatile intermediate was converted into secondary and tertiary amines via reductive amination and could also be converted to other interesting functionalities using simple chemical transformations.
- Antibacterial agent
- Biofilm inhibitor