Functional tissue engineering of articular cartilage for biological joint resurfacing—The 2021 Elizabeth Winston Lanier Kappa Delta Award

Farshid Guilak, Bradley T. Estes, Franklin T. Moutos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Biological resurfacing of entire articular surfaces represents a challenging strategy for the treatment of cartilage degeneration that occurs in osteoarthritis. Not only does this approach require anatomically sized and functional engineered cartilage, but the inflammatory environment within an arthritic joint may also inhibit chondrogenesis and induce degradation of native and engineered cartilage. Here, we present the culmination of multiple avenues of interdisciplinary research leading to the development and testing of bioartificial cartilage for tissue-engineered resurfacing of the hip joint. The work is based on a novel three-dimensional weaving technology that is infiltrated with specific bioinductive materials and/or genetically-engineered stem cells. A variety of design approaches have been tested in vitro, showing biomimetic cartilage-like properties as well as the capability for long-term tunable and inducible drug delivery. Importantly, these cartilage constructs have the potential to provide mechanical functionality immediately upon implantation, as they will need to replace a majority, if not the entire joint surface to restore function. To date, these approaches have shown excellent preclinical success in a variety of animal studies, including the resurfacing of a large osteochondral defect in the canine hip, and are now well-poised for clinical translation.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic Research
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • cartilage repair
  • focal defect
  • hip
  • knee
  • regenerative medicine

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