Functional significance of the discordance between transcriptional profile and left ventricular structure/function during reverse remodeling

Veli K. Topkara, Kari T. Chambers, Kai Chien Yang, Huei Ping Tzeng, Sarah Evans, Carla Weinheimer, Attila Kovacs, Jeffrey Robbins, Philip Barger, Douglas L. Mann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

To elucidate the mechanisms for reverse LV remodeling, we generated a conditional (doxycycline [dox] off) transgenic mouse tetracycline transactivating factor-TRAF2 (tTA-TRAF2) that develops a dilated heart failure (HF) phenotype upon expression of a proinflammatory transgene, TNF receptor-associated factor 2 (TRAF2), and complete normalization of LV structure and function when the transgene is suppressed. tTA-TRAF2 mice developed a significant increase in LV dimension with decreased contractile function, which was completely normalized in the tTATRAF2 mice fed dox for 4 weeks (tTA-TRAF2dox4W). Normalization of LV structure and function was accompanied by partial normalization (∼60%) of gene expression associated with incident HF. Similar findings were observed in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy who underwent reverse LV remodeling following mechanical circulatory support. Persistence of the HF gene program was associated with an exaggerated hypertrophic response and increased mortality in tTA-TRAF2dox4W mice following transaortic constriction (TAC). These effects were no longer observed following TAC in tTA-TRAF2dox8W, wherein there was a more complete (88%) reversal of the incident HF genes. These results demonstrate that reverse LV remodeling is associated with improvements in cardiac myocyte biology; however, the persistence of the abnormal HF gene program may be maladaptive following perturbations in hemodynamic loading conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere86038
JournalJCI Insight
Volume1
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 7 2016

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